Violence against women takes various forms, including domestic violence, rape, trafficking of women and girls, forced prostitution, violence in situations of armed conflict, such as murder, systematic rape, sexual slavery and forced pregnancy, the reasons for honor killings, violence due to dowry, female infanticide and prenatal sex selection for fetal male babies, female genital mutilation and other harmful practices and traditions.
The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1993, demonstrates the international recognition and understanding that violence against women is a violation of human rights and a form of discrimination against women.
The Platform for Action adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing in 1995, defines violence against women as one of 12 areas of concern should be given particular emphasis by governments, the international community and civil society.
At its 42nd session in 1998, the Commission on the Status of Women United Nations proposed new measures and initiatives should be implemented by Member States and the international community to end violence against women , including the mainstreaming of a gender perspective into all policies and programs. Among the agreed conclusions of the session include measures to support the work of NGOs, to combat all forms of trafficking in women and girls, promote and protect the rights of migrant workers, particularly women and children, and promoting coordinated research on violence against women.